To go along with the rest of our road map for music, Its best to understand what goes on the road map: notes. The basic definition of a music note is that it describes the pitch and duration of a musical sound. So if there is a music note by the treble clef, you’re going to play a note that has a high pitch, and if its by the bass clef, you’re going to play a note with a low pitch.
If you see a note that has a “tail” and is filled in, it is a quarter note, you play it for one beat. a note with a hole through it and a tail, its a half note, you play it for two beats. A note with a hole in the middle but no tail, it is a whole note, a note you play for four beats. A note with a hole in the middle and a tail, but there is a dote to the bottom left of it, it will receive three beats. For a note that looks like a quarter note but has something coming off the tail, it is an eighth note, it gets half a beat, that means you play it for a shorter amount of time. and the shortest note than an eighth note, is a sixteenth note which is a eighth note cut in half.